Fun Fact »

The biggest hurdle for biomass from dedicated fuel crops is that it isn't an economically viable option yet. We’re looking at ways of finding biomass fuels that are more affordable while we continue to work with our farming partners and support research to reduce production costs even further.

GOAL: Improvements in all areas of sustainability

  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Social
  • Technical

CO2 results from the complete oxidation of carbon containing compounds

  • CH4 +2O2 →CO2 +2H2O 
  • C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O


  • What is source of metals?
  • Where do metals end up?
  • The Three “T”s (and Oxygen)
  • Temperature
    • 1000 C minimum for Incinerators
    • Typical for a 10x faster reaction for every 30-60 C increase in temperature
  • Time
    • 1 second minimum for Incinerators...

In this session, we’ll cover:

  • What are Dioxins and Furans (D/F)?
  • Why should I be concerned?
  • How are they formed in a cement kiln?
  • How can they be minimized?

Condensible particulate matter - CPMTotal particulate matter (all sizes).PM10 – particulate matter less than 10 microns in diameter – driven by health effects.PM2.5 – particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in diameter – formed by nucleation of...

Sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are related to the acid rain problem.When we add volatile organic compounds (VOC) and particulate matter to the mix we have the precursor components of the smog/visibility/haze problem in the...

  • Certificate of Approval from MOE for trial burn 
  • Contracted with local farmers for production of energy crops – delivered fall 2009
  • Development and installation of (temporary) biomass delivery system
  • Implemented...


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